Neonatologist at the Well-Child Clinic: A High-Risk Infant Follow-up Pilot Study

Am J Perinatol. 2024 Jun 18. doi: 10.1055/a-2328-6024. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objective: High-risk infant follow-up (HRIF) is a complex process lacking standardization. We present a simple, single-provider model that proved effective and is well-received by caregivers.

Study design: In this study, we measured caregiver use and satisfaction with an HRIF visit attended by an experienced neonatologist in a well-care setting, soon after discharge.

Results: One hundred parents participated in the survey. Among the infants of these parents, 78% of infants were seen in the first 3 months of life and 39% within 1 month of discharge. Nutrition (98%) and development (97%) were the most commonly discussed topics, followed by general health (95%), iron supplementation (93%), and head size (90%). Using a 5-point Likert's scale, with 5 being the highest rating, parents responded that the meeting answered their questions (4.7, n = 93), organized their infants' needs (4.6, n = 90), and increased their confidence in caring for their infants (4.65, n = 92).

Conclusion: HRIF with an experienced neonatologist is an effective means of increasing parents' understanding of their infants' medical needs and confidence in caring for their infants.

Key points: · Meeting with a neonatologist after discharge addressed many crucial aspects of patient care.. · Meeting with a neonatologist after discharge was met with a high level of caregiver satisfaction.. · Neonatal consultation in the community may promote caregiver confidence in caring for their infant.. · Neonatal consultation reduced parental anxiety, especially regarding growth and development..