Immunotherapy for recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma

NPJ Precis Oncol. 2024 May 16;8(1):101. doi: 10.1038/s41698-024-00601-1.


Immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), such as anti-programmed death 1/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) therapy, has emerged as a pivotal treatment modality for solid tumors, including recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (R/M-NPC). Despite the advancements in the utilization of ICIs, there is still room for further improving patient outcomes. Another promising approach to immunotherapy for R/M-NPC involves adoptive cell therapy (ACT), which aims to stimulate systemic anti-tumor immunity. However, individual agent therapies targeting dendritic cells (DCs) appear to still be in the clinical trial phase. This current review underscores the potential of immunotherapy as a valuable adjunct to the treatment paradigm for R/M-NPC patients. Further research is warranted to enhance the efficacy of immunotherapy through the implementation of strategies such as combination therapies and overcoming immune suppression. Additionally, the development of a biomarker-based scoring system is essential for identifying suitable candidates for precision immunotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review