Highly purified recombinant human interleukin-2, expressed in Escherichia coli, was analyzed by micromethods. N-Terminal sequence analysis showed that methionine at position 0 was found in 90% of the molecules and not completely removed in post-ribosomal processing. A complete peptide map of the reduced and S-carboxymethylated protein was obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography after tryptic digestion, and the fragments were identified by amino acid analysis and automated Edman sequence analysis. Using a double-label S-carboxymethylation procedure, it was determined that there is a disulfide linkage between the cysteine residues at positions 58 and 105. The third cysteine residue at position 125 was found to be present as the free sulfhydryl.