Natural products act as game-changer potentially in treatment and management of sepsis-mediated inflammation: A clinical perspective

Phytomedicine. 2024 Jul 25:130:155710. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2024.155710. Epub 2024 May 3.


Background: Sepsis, a life-threatening condition resulting from uncontrolled host responses to infection, poses a global health challenge with limited therapeutic options. Due to high heterogeneity, sepsis lacks specific therapeutic drugs. Additionally, there remains a significant gap in the clinical management of sepsis regarding personalized and precise medicine.

Purpose: This review critically examines the scientific landscape surrounding natural products in sepsis and sepsis-mediated inflammation, highlighting their clinical potential.

Methods: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we retrieved articles from PubMed to explore potential natural products with therapeutic effects in sepsis-mediated inflammation.

Results: 434 relevant in vitro and in vivo studies were identified and screened. Ultimately, 55 studies were obtained as the supporting resources for the present review. We divided the 55 natural products into three categories: those influencing the synthesis of inflammatory factors, those affecting surface receptors and modulatory factors, and those influencing signaling pathways and the inflammatory cascade.

Conclusion: Natural products' potential as game-changers in sepsis-mediated inflammation management lies in their ability to modulate hallmarks in sepsis, including inflammation, immunity, and coagulopathy, which provides new therapeutic avenues that are readily accessible and capable of undergoing rapid clinical validation and deployment, offering a gift from nature to humanity. Innovative techniques like bioinformatics, metabolomics, and systems biology offer promising solutions to overcome these obstacles and facilitate the development of natural product-based therapeutics, holding promise for personalized and precise sepsis management and improving patient outcomes. However, standardization, bioavailability, and safety challenges arise during experimental validation and clinical trials of natural products.

Keywords: Clinical management; Human sepsis; Inflammation; Natural product; Signaling pathway.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Biological Products* / pharmacology
  • Biological Products* / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Inflammation* / drug therapy
  • Sepsis* / drug therapy
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects


  • Biological Products
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents