Association between physical activity and psychosocial status in adults with epilepsy: Results from the 2022 National health Interview survey

Epilepsy Behav. 2024 Jul:156:109836. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2024.109836. Epub 2024 May 17.

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the association between physical activity and the four dimensions of psychosocial status in adults with epilepsy.

Methods: The data of individuals with epilepsy utilized in this cross-sectional study were derived from the 2022 National Health Interview Survey(NHIS). Physical activity was analyzed based on walking, moderate or vigorous intensity physical activity and the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines (PAG) for Americans. The psychosocial status of the participants was assessed using self-report questionnaires that evaluated life satisfaction, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and social functioning. A multivariate ordinal regression model was employed to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) following adjustment for potential confounding factors.

Results: In total of 424 individuals with epilepsy(mean age:48.0 years; male: 40.6 %) were included in this study. About 39.9 % of the participants met the 2018 PAG for aerobic activity. After controlling for potential confounding factors, individuals who adhered to the 2018 PAG for aerobic activity were found to have a higher likelihood of reporting increased life satisfaction (OR, 0.39; 95 % CI: 0.21, 0.71), decreased symptoms of depression (OR, 0.53; 95 % CI: 0.30, 0.94), and improved social functioning (OR, 0.42; 95 % CI: 0.24, 0.74). However, no significant association was observed between physical activity and anxiety symptoms among individuals with epilepsy.

Conclusions: This study emphasizes that moderate to vigorous physical activity enhances psychosocial health in individuals with epilepsy. Nevertheless, it is important to note that a causal relationship cannot be inferred from these findings, and further verification through randomized controlled trials is necessary.

Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; Epilepsy; Physical activity.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression* / epidemiology
  • Depression* / psychology
  • Epilepsy* / epidemiology
  • Epilepsy* / psychology
  • Exercise* / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychosocial Functioning
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Self Report
  • Young Adult