Intraoral wear of PICN CAD-CAM composite restorations used in severe tooth wear treatment: 5-year results of a prospective clinical study using 3D profilometry

Dent Mater. 2024 Jul;40(7):1056-1063. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2024 May 18.


Objectives: To evaluate, in a prospective clinical study over 5 years with ex vivo 3D profilometry analyses, the intraoral wear of Polymer-Infiltrated Ceramic Network (PICN) CAD-CAM composite restorations used in severe tooth wear treatment with the One-Step No-Prep technique.

Methods: 192 PICN (Vita Enamic) restorations on molars and premolars were included in a prospective clinical study involving patients treated according to the One-step No-prep protocol (n = 7). All patients showed clinical signs of bruxism. Replicas of restorations on molars and premolars were realized at each evaluation time (baseline and then every year up to 5 years) and scanned to perform 3D profilometry. Baseline and recall scans were superimposed with Geomagic Control software. The mean material wear was calculated for the full occlusal area (FOA) and for the occlusal contact area (OCA), respectively. Clinical evaluation of restorations was performed at recall.

Results: At 5 years, the estimated mean material wear for FOA was inferior to the accuracy threshold of the profilometry measurement chain. For OCA, the estimated mean wear of the material was - 27.97 µm. This material wear was shown to be significantly influenced by time (p < 0.0001) and patient (p = 0.026), while the type of tooth (molar or premolar) had no influence. At 5 years, the survival and the success rates of restorations were 99.48% and 90.62%, respectively.

Significance: The PICN material exhibits a low wear process in the treatment of severe tooth wear despite the presence of clinical signs of bruxism, and it constitutes a suitable material for the One-step No-prep technique.

Keywords: Biomaterials; CAD-CAM composite; Dental materials; Material wear; Polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network; Profilometry; Prosthetic dentistry; Quantitative analysis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ceramics / chemistry
  • Composite Resins / chemistry
  • Computer-Aided Design*
  • Dental Restoration Wear*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent* / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molar
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surface Properties
  • Tooth Wear* / therapy


  • VITA Enamic
  • Composite Resins