Guidelines for the clinical application of the Xihuang pill for the prevention and treatment of breast hyperplasia diseases

Pharm Biol. 2024 Dec;62(1):472-479. doi: 10.1080/13880209.2024.2350233. Epub 2024 May 20.


Context: The Xihuang pill (XHP) is a traditional Chinese medicine formulation that has been historically used in the prevention and treatment of proliferative breast diseases. However, there is a lack of guidelines that offer recommendations for its clinical use.

Objective: The task force from the Chinese Guangdong Pharmaceutical Association aims to develop evidence-based guidelines for XHP to prevent and treat proliferative breast diseases.

Methods: We searched six Chinese and English electronic databases, including the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database, the Wanfang Medical Database, PubMed, and Embase, up to November 1, 2022. Publications (case reports, clinical observation, clinical trials, reviews) on using XHP to treat proliferative breast diseases were manually searched. The search terms were Xihuang pill, hyperplasia of the mammary gland, breast lump, and mastalgia. The writing team developed recommendations based on the best available evidence.

Results: Treatment should be customized based on syndrome identification. We recommend using XHP for the prevention and treatment of breast hyperplasia disease when a patient presents the following syndromes: concurrent blood stasis syndrome, concurrent phlegm-stasis syndrome, and concurrent liver fire syndrome. Safety indicators, including blood analysis and liver and kidney function monitoring, should be performed regularly during treatment.

Conclusions: Current clinical evidence suggests that XHP can be used as a standalone treatment or in conjunction with other medications to prevent and manage breast hyperplasia diseases. More randomized controlled studies are warranted to establish high-quality evidence of its use.

Keywords: Clinical guideline; syndrome differentiation; traditional Chinese medicine.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Diseases* / drug therapy
  • China
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal* / administration & dosage
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal* / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia*
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional* / methods

Grants and funding

The author(s) reported there is no funding associated with the work featured in this article.