Acute Interstitial Nephritis and Oxalate Nephropathy After Rapid Pasireotide Response in Treatment-resistant Acromegaly

JCEM Case Rep. 2024 May 20;2(5):luae071. doi: 10.1210/jcemcr/luae071. eCollection 2024 May.


We report a case of interstitial nephritis, likely secondary to oxalate nephropathy, due to the development of pancreatic exocrine dysfunction after commencement of pasireotide for acromegaly. Pasireotide is known to impair insulin secretion but can also impair pancreatic exocrine function, hypothezised to result from high-affinity binding of somatostatin receptors 1, 2, 3, and 5. This has been an advantage in postoperative tissue anastomoses after pancreatic surgery, but exocrine insufficiency has not been reported when used for the treatment of acromegaly. A 73-year-old woman, diagnosed with acromegaly, was unable to achieve biochemical control despite 2 surgical resections of an invasive mammosomatotroph pituitary tumor and treatment with cabergoline and maximal-dose lanreotide. The tumor expressed somatostatin receptor type 5 but not somatostatin receptor type 2, predicting good response from pasireotide, which was commenced at 40 mg every 4 weeks. IGF-1 rapidly normalized, but the patient presented with nausea, anorexia, and acute kidney injury. Renal biopsy revealed acute-on-chronic interstitial nephritis, with numerous oxalate crystals. Increased fecal fat globules were noted on fat stain (3+), supporting malabsorption as an etiology of secondary enteric hyperoxaluria. Renal function recovered to near baseline over months following pasireotide withdrawal and high-dose glucocorticoids.

Keywords: acromegaly; exocrine insufficiency; interstitial nephritis; oxalate nephropathy; pasireotide.

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  • Case Reports