A Qualitative Intervention Evaluation of Neonatal Virtual Family-Centered Rounds

Hosp Pediatr. 2024 Jun 1;14(6):463-473. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2023-007554.


Objective: To conduct an implementation evaluation of the virtual family-centered rounds (FCR) intervention by exploring the perceptions and experiences of parents and care team providers.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using a thematic analysis of unobtrusive observations of rounding encounters and semi-structured interviews with the parents of discharged infants and members of the neonatal care team. Eligible participants had used virtual FCR at least once. Five research team members independently performed focused coding and memo writing of transcripts and observation fieldnotes. The team met weekly to compare and refine codes, update the interview guide, develop tentative categories, and discuss the theoretical direction.

Results: We conducted 406 minutes of unobtrusive observations and 21 interviews with parents, physicians, neonatal nurse practitioners, bedside nurses, dieticians, and pharmacists. Three themes and 13 subthemes emerged from the analysis: (1) virtual FCR improved perceived care delivery and clinical outcomes through increased opportunities for parent engagement, (2) the acceptance of virtual FCR by providers grew over time despite the persistent presence of technical challenges, and (3) the implementation of virtual FCR should be standardized and delivered by the care team to enhance usability, effectiveness, and sustainability.

Conclusions: Virtual FCR is perceived by NICU parents and care team providers to be a valuable intervention that can enhance family centered care. The identified virtual FCR implementation strategies should be tested in further studies.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Male
  • Parents* / psychology
  • Patient Care Team
  • Professional-Family Relations
  • Qualitative Research*
  • Teaching Rounds* / methods