Cannflavin A inhibits TLR4-induced chemokine and cytokine expression in human macrophages

Nat Prod Res. 2024 May 23:1-7. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2024.2358382. Online ahead of print.


Cannflavin A (CFL-A), a flavonoid present in the hemp plant Cannabis sativa L. (C. sativa), has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective capacity. Research continues to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effects of components of C. sativa, with evidence that plant-derived cannabinoids and terpenes can mediate anti-inflammatory activity by targeting toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling, the sensors of pathogen-associated molecules. This study set out to determine if TLR-mediated inflammatory signalling is a CFL-A target using the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce TLR4 signalling in human THP-1-derived macrophages. TLR4 activation promoted the production of the chemokine CXCL10 and cytokines IL-1β and TNFα. Treatment with CFL-A dose-dependently attenuated TLR4-induced CXCL10 and IL-1β secretion, with our findings also indicating that the inhibitory effects of CFL-A on chemokine/cytokine secretion are in line with an NF-κB inhibitor. This study highlights TLR4 signalling as a cannflavin target in macrophages.

Keywords: Cannflavin A; anti-inflammatory; cannabis sativa L; drug discovery; flavonoids; medicinal plants; toll-like receptors.