Nanomaterials-incorporated polymeric microneedles for wound healing applications

Int J Pharm. 2024 Jun 25:659:124247. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2024.124247. Epub 2024 May 22.

Abstract

There is a growing and urgent need for developing novel biomaterials and therapeutic approaches for efficient wound healing. Microneedles (MNs), which can penetrate necrotic tissues and biofilm barriers at the wound and deliver active ingredients to the deeper layers in a minimally invasive and painless manner, have stimulated the interests of many researchers in the wound-healing filed. Among various materials, polymeric MNs have received widespread attention due to their abundant material sources, simple and inexpensive manufacturing methods, excellent biocompatibility and adjustable mechanical strength. Meanwhile, due to the unique properties of nanomaterials, the incorporation of nanomaterials can further extend the application range of polymeric MNs to facilitate on-demand drug release and activate specific therapeutic effects in combination with other therapies. In this review, we firstly introduce the current status and challenges of wound healing, and then outline the advantages and classification of MNs. Next, we focus on the manufacturing methods of polymeric MNs and the different raw materials used for their production. Furthermore, we give a summary of polymeric MNs incorporated with several common nanomaterials for chronic wounds healing. Finally, we discuss the several challenges and future prospects of transdermal drug delivery systems using nanomaterials-based polymeric MNs in wound treatment application.

Keywords: CS; GelMA; HA; MeHA; Microneedle; Nanomaterials; PVA; PVP; Polymer; SF; Transdermal delivery; Wound healing; cellulose; starch.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Animals
  • Drug Delivery Systems*
  • Humans
  • Microinjections / methods
  • Nanostructures* / administration & dosage
  • Needles*
  • Polymers* / chemistry
  • Wound Healing* / drug effects

Substances

  • Polymers