Application of sourdough in gluten-free bakery products

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2024 May 23:1-21. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2024.2356256. Online ahead of print.


ABSTRACTSIn recent years, the demand for gluten-free (GF) bakery products has grown rapidly due to the remarkable rising number of celiac patients and the increasing health awareness of GF products. However, GF products generally suffer from defects such as poor sensorial level, low nutritional value, high prices and short shelf life. Sourdough is the important starter culture applied in bakery field, and it has been proven to be ideal for enhancing the overall quality of bakery products. This review aims to systematically reviewed the application of sourdough in GF bakery products and its improvement to GF bakery products in terms of texture, shelf life, nutrition and flavor. Its positive effects derive from the complex metabolic activities of sourdough microorganisms, such as acidification, proteolysis, production of exopolysaccharides (EPS), activation of endogenous enzymes, and production of antibacterial substances. Finally, researchers are encouraged to expand the use of sourdough in GF bakery products to increase the variety of GF products. And the technical and nutritional potential of sourdough should be developed more widely.

Keywords: Sourdough; bakery products; fermentation; gluten-free (GF).

Publication types

  • Review