Benefits and Harms of Interception and Early Detection of Cancer

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2024 Aug;38(4):731-741. doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2024.04.003. Epub 2024 May 23.

Abstract

Strategies for early detection and interception of cancer are based on 2 synergistic elements: proactive search for asymptomatic cancer, precancer, or cancer predisposition and proactive disruption of cancer evolution. Benefits and harms of both these elements will vary widely depending on the screened populations, the types of cancers targeted, the detection modalities, and the health care delivery approaches following diagnosis. This article attempts to identify common elements that can inform the evaluation of alternative strategies across many of these scenarios.

Keywords: Cancer early detection; Interception; Risk–benefit analysis; Screening.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Early Detection of Cancer*
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening / methods
  • Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms* / therapy