The reference genome of Macropodus opercularis (the paradise fish)

Sci Data. 2024 May 25;11(1):540. doi: 10.1038/s41597-024-03277-1.


Amongst fishes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) has gained popularity as a model system over most other species and while their value as a model is well documented, their usefulness is limited in certain fields of research such as behavior. By embracing other, less conventional experimental organisms, opportunities arise to gain broader insights into evolution and development, as well as studying behavioral aspects not available in current popular model systems. The anabantoid paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis), an "air-breather" species has a highly complex behavioral repertoire and has been the subject of many ethological investigations but lacks genomic resources. Here we report the reference genome assembly of M. opercularis using long-read sequences at 150-fold coverage. The final assembly consisted of 483,077,705 base pairs (~483 Mb) on 152 contigs. Within the assembled genome we identified and annotated 20,157 protein coding genes and assigned ~90% of them to orthogroups.

Publication types

  • Dataset

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fishes* / genetics
  • Genome*