Maggot Kinase and Natural Thrombolytic Proteins

ACS Omega. 2024 May 2;9(20):21768-21779. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.4c01663. eCollection 2024 May 21.


Thrombolytic enzymes constitute a class of proteases with antithrombotic functions. Derived from natural products and abundant in nature, certain thrombolytic enzymes, such as urokinase, earthworm kinase, and streptokinase, have been widely used in the clinical treatment of vascular embolic diseases. Fly maggots, characterized by their easy growth and low cost, are a traditional Chinese medicine recorded in the Compendium of Materia Medica. These maggots can also be used as raw material for the extraction and preparation of thrombolytic enzymes (maggot kinase). In this review, we assembled global research reports on natural thrombolytic enzymes through a literature search and reviewed the functions and structures of natural thrombolytic enzymes to provide a reference for natural thrombophilic drug screening and development.

Publication types

  • Review