Abducens Nerve Palsy in a Patient with COVID-19: A Case Report

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul. 2024 Apr 5;58(1):131-134. doi: 10.14744/SEMB.2023.55491. eCollection 2024.


Numerous neurological manifestations associated with COVID-19 have been reported. However, abducens nerve palsy (ANP) associated with COVID-19 is very rare and mostly related to accompanying respiratory symptoms. Here we present a 29-year-old woman with unilateral ANP manifesting with diplopia and positive SARS-CoV-2 S antibodies, which were checked later. On admission, she had signs of viral pneumonia in thorax CT without any respiratory symptoms. Her cranial neuroimaging revealed no abnormality. Following treatment with favipiravir 2x1600 mg loading dose and then 2x600mg daily maintenance, dexamethasone 8 mg/day and enoxaparin 6000 IU/day, her CT findings recovered completely whereas her ANP only partially resolved. One week after the end of COVID-19 treatment, she also developed Herpes simplex keratitis which was successfully treated with valacyclovir. It should be kept in mind that isolated abducens nerve palsy may be the only finding of COVID-19 cases without any respiratory symptoms.

Keywords: Abducens nerve palsy; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; diplopia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports