A Rare Presentation of Anthrax: A Pediatric Patient with Palpebral Anthrax

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul. 2024 Apr 5;58(1):127-130. doi: 10.14744/SEMB.2023.51261. eCollection 2024.

Abstract

Anthrax is a rare zoonotic disease in humans caused by Bacillus anthracis. The most common form of this disease is cutaneous anthrax. Rarely, eye involvement may occur. In this case, a nine-year-old male patient with anthrax on his left eyelids is presented. From the patient's history, it was learned that a slight papular reaction occurred on the left side of the eye, then the lesion enlarged within three days, and edema developed around the eye. On the fifth day of the patient's preseptal cellulitis diagnosis, progress in eye lesions and necrosis and eschar formation around the eyes were detected, while Bacillus anthracis polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positivity was detected on the fifth day of the patient's complaints. The patient was treated with ciprofloxacin and clindamycin and a clinical response was achieved. Anthrax should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of preseptal and orbital cellulitis, especially in patients who have close contact with animals. If palpebral anthrax is not treated effectively on time, it can leave scars on the eyelids and cause permanent deformities and loss of function. Early diagnosis and initiation of antibiotic therapy significantly reduce the occurrence of complications. In this case report, a pediatric case with eyelid anthrax, which is rarely seen in anthrax disease, is presented.

Keywords: Anthrax; child; eyelid.

Publication types

  • Case Reports