The Role of PTEN in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2024 May 10;29(5):179. doi: 10.31083/j.fbl2905179.

Abstract

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an aggressive head and neck tumor that is influenced by a variety of molecular factors during its pathogenesis. Among these, the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) plays a crucial role in regulatory networks. This article systematically reviews the multifaceted functions of PTEN in NPC, including its roles in inhibiting cell proliferation, regulating migration and invasion, promoting autophagy and apoptosis, and influencing resistance to radiotherapy. Molecular factors such as long non-coding RNA, microRNA (miRNA), and circular RNA can modulate PTEN through various pathways, thereby impacting the biological behavior of NPC. In addition, PTEN is involved in regulating the tumor microenvironment of NPC, and its interaction with the Epstein-Barr virus has also recently become a focus of research. A comprehensive understanding of the PTEN regulatory network provides a foundation for future personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. This study expands our understanding of the pathogenesis of NPC and suggests new directions in the field of tumor biology and NPC treatment.

Keywords: PTEN; nasopharyngeal carcinoma; signaling pathways; tumor suppressor gene.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Autophagy / genetics
  • Cell Movement / genetics
  • Cell Proliferation / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • MicroRNAs* / metabolism
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma* / genetics
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma* / metabolism
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma* / pathology
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms* / metabolism
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms* / pathology
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase* / genetics
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase* / metabolism
  • RNA, Circular / genetics
  • RNA, Circular / metabolism
  • RNA, Circular / physiology
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Microenvironment* / genetics

Substances

  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase
  • PTEN protein, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Circular