A review of multicenter controlled studies of fluoxetine vs. imipramine and placebo in outpatients with major depressive disorder

J Clin Psychiatry. 1985 Mar;46(3 Pt 2):53-8.


The efficacy of fluoxetine was evaluated in depressed patients in double-blind imipramine- and placebo-controlled clinical trials. Fluoxetine produced greater improvement than placebo on all major efficacy parameters and was comparable to imipramine with respect to the primary indicators of depression. Fluoxetine had significantly less associated anticholinergic effects, dizziness, drowsiness, somatosensory disturbance, and excessive sweating than imipramine. Although nausea occurred more frequently in fluoxetine patients, it was generally mild and well tolerated. A significantly smaller percentage of fluoxetine than imipramine patients terminated therapy because of adverse experiences.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Akathisia, Drug-Induced
  • Ambulatory Care*
  • Anxiety / chemically induced
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Depressive Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Fluoxetine / adverse effects
  • Fluoxetine / therapeutic use*
  • Headache / chemically induced
  • Humans
  • Hyperhidrosis / chemically induced
  • Imipramine / adverse effects
  • Imipramine / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Dropouts
  • Placebos
  • Propylamines / therapeutic use*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / chemically induced
  • Sleep Stages


  • Placebos
  • Propylamines
  • Fluoxetine
  • Imipramine