Depression recognition using voice-based pre-training model

Sci Rep. 2024 Jun 3;14(1):12734. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-63556-0.

Abstract

The early screening of depression is highly beneficial for patients to obtain better diagnosis and treatment. While the effectiveness of utilizing voice data for depression detection has been demonstrated, the issue of insufficient dataset size remains unresolved. Therefore, we propose an artificial intelligence method to effectively identify depression. The wav2vec 2.0 voice-based pre-training model was used as a feature extractor to automatically extract high-quality voice features from raw audio. Additionally, a small fine-tuning network was used as a classification model to output depression classification results. Subsequently, the proposed model was fine-tuned on the DAIC-WOZ dataset and achieved excellent classification results. Notably, the model demonstrated outstanding performance in binary classification, attaining an accuracy of 0.9649 and an RMSE of 0.1875 on the test set. Similarly, impressive results were obtained in multi-classification, with an accuracy of 0.9481 and an RMSE of 0.3810. The wav2vec 2.0 model was first used for depression recognition and showed strong generalization ability. The method is simple, practical, and applicable, which can assist doctors in the early screening of depression.

Keywords: DAIC-WOZ; Depression; Pre-training model; Voice features; Wav2vec 2.0.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Depression* / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Voice*