Reliability of glenoid measurements performed using Multiplanar Reconstruction (MPR) of Magnetic Resonance (MRI) in patients with shoulder instability

Int Orthop. 2024 Aug;48(8):2129-2136. doi: 10.1007/s00264-024-06226-0. Epub 2024 Jun 4.


Purpose: Measurement of glenoid bone loss in the shoulder instability can be assessed by CT or MRI multiplanar imaging and is crucial for pre-operative planning. The aim of this study is to determine the intra and interobserver reliability of glenoid deficiency measurement using MRI multiplanar reconstruction with 2D assessment in the sagittal plane (MPR MRI).

Methods: We reviewed MRI images of 80 patients with anterior shoulder instability with Osirix software using MPR. Six observers with basic experience measured the glenoid, erosion edge length, and bone loss twice, with at least one-week interval between measurements. We calculated reliability and repeatability using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and minimal detectable change with 95% confidence (MDC95%).

Results: Intra and Inter-observer ICC and MDC95% for glenoid width and height were excellent (ICC 0,89-0,96). For erosion edge length and area of the glenoid were acceptable/good (ICC 0,61-0,89). Bone loss and Pico Index were associated with acceptable/good ICC (0,63 -0,86)) but poor MDC95% (45 - 84 %). Intra-observer reliability improved with time, while inter-observer remained unchanged.

Conclusion: The MPR MRI measurement of the anterior glenoid lesion is very good tool for linear parameters. This method is not valid for Pico index measurement, as the area of bone loss is variable. The pace of learning is individual, therefore complex calculations based on MPR MRI are not resistant to low experience as opposed to true 3D CT.

Keywords: Bone defect; Bone deficiency; Dislocation; Glenoid; Magnetic resonance; Shoulder instability.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Glenoid Cavity / diagnostic imaging
  • Glenoid Cavity / pathology
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Joint Instability* / diagnostic imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging* / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Shoulder Joint* / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Joint* / pathology
  • Young Adult