Green extraction and application of yellow natural curcumin colorant from Curcuma aromatica rhizomes for silk dyeing

Sci Rep. 2024 Jun 6;14(1):13032. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-63927-7.


Green products such as plant tints are becoming more and more well-known worldwide due to their superior biological and ayurvedic properties. In this work, colorant from Amba Haldi (Curcuma aromatica) was isolated using microwave (MW), and bio-mordants were added to produce colorfast shades. Response surface methodology was used to develop a central composite design (CCD), which maximizes coloring variables statistically. The findings from 32 series of experiments show that excellent color depth (K/S = 12.595) was established onto MW-treated silk fabric (RS = 4 min) by employing 65 mL of radiated aqueous extract (RE = 4 min) of 5 pH cutting-edge the existence of 1.5 g/100 mL used sodium chloride at 75 °C for 45 min. It was discovered that acacia (keekar) extract (1%), pomegranate extract (2%), and pistachio extract (1.5%) were present before coloring by the use of bio-mordants. On the other hand, upon dyeing, acacia extract (1.5%), pomegranate extract (1.5%), and pistachio extract (2%) have all shown extremely strong colorfast colors. Comparatively, before dyeing, salts of Al3+ (1.5%), Fe2+ (2%), and TA (1.5%) gave good results; after dyeing, salts of Al3+ (1%) and Fe2+ (1.5%) and TA (2%) gave good results. When applied to silk fabric, MW radiation has increased the production of dyes recovered from rhizomes. Additionally, the right amount of chemical and biological mordants have been added, resulting in color fastness ratings ranging from outstanding to good. Therefore, the natural color extracted from Amba Haldi can be a sustainable option for the dyeing of silk fabric in the textile dyeing and finishing industries.

Keywords: Curcuma aromatica; Acacia; Microwave; Mordanting; Pomegranate; Silk.

MeSH terms

  • Color
  • Coloring Agents* / chemistry
  • Curcuma* / chemistry
  • Green Chemistry Technology / methods
  • Microwaves
  • Plant Extracts* / chemistry
  • Rhizome* / chemistry
  • Silk* / chemistry


  • Coloring Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Silk