Neonatal hypertension from a unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney

J Urol. 1985 Apr;133(4):664-5. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)49136-1.


Multicystic renal dysplasia is an extremely uncommon cause of hypertension in children and the few reported cases have not been of newborns. We report on a neonate in whom severe hypertension associated with elevated peripheral plasma renin resulted from a unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. Hypertension and plasma renin activity normalized after unilateral nephrectomy. No evidence of perfusion or excretory renal function in the dysplastic kidney was present on a radionuclide renal scan. This child demonstrates a relationship between hypertension and unilateral multicystic renal dysplasia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Renal / congenital*
  • Hypertension, Renal / surgery
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kidney / abnormalities*
  • Kidney Diseases, Cystic / congenital*
  • Kidney Diseases, Cystic / surgery
  • Nephrectomy
  • Renin / blood


  • Renin