On QSAR modeling with novel degree-based indices and thermodynamics properties of eye infection therapeutics

Front Chem. 2024 May 27:12:1383206. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2024.1383206. eCollection 2024.

Abstract

Topological descriptors are numerical results generated from the structure of a chemical graph that are useful in identifying the physicochemical characteristics of a wide range of drugs. The introduction of molecular descriptors advances quantitative structure-property relationship research. This article focuses on the nine degree-based topological indices and the linear regression model of the eye infection drugs. We introduced two new indices, namely, the "first revised Randic index" and the "second revised Randic index, for the analysis of eye infection drugs. Topological indices are calculated by using edge partitioning, vertex degree counting, and vertex degree labeling. This analysis is done with a scientific calculator and then authenticated with Matlab, a potent tool for examining data. The experimental data and results of the topological indices serve as inputs for the statistical computations and provide the values of intercepts, slopes, and correlation coefficients. All the correlations for the eye-infection drugs are positive, indicating a direct relationship between the experimental and estimated results of the drugs. There are significant results of the p-test for all of the characteristics of eye infection, such as molecular weight, boiling point, enthalpy, flash point, molar refraction, and molar volume, that validate the accuracy of the computations. A significant link was determined in this study between the defined indices with two properties: molar weight and molar refraction. The molar weight and molar refraction have a correlation coefficient ranging from 0.9. These results demonstrate a strong association between the indices and the properties under investigation. The linear regression approach is a valuable tool for chemists and pharmacists to obtain data about different medicines quickly and cost-effectively.

Keywords: QSPR analysis; first revised randic index; linear regression model; pharmaceutical chemistry; second revised randic index; vertex degrees.

Grants and funding

The author(s) declare that no financial support was received for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.