Contralateral renal change in a unilateral ureteral obstruction rat model using intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging

Ren Fail. 2024 Dec;46(2):2359642. doi: 10.1080/0886022X.2024.2359642. Epub 2024 Jun 11.

Abstract

Objectives: Most functional magnetic resonance research has primarily examined alterations in the affected kidney, often neglecting the contralateral kidney. Our study aims to investigate whether imaging parameters accurately depict changes in both the renal cortex and medulla in a unilateral ureteral obstruction rat model, thereby showcasing the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in evaluating contralateral renal changes.

Methods: Six rats underwent MR scans and were subsequently sacrificed for baseline histological examination. Following the induction of left ureteral obstruction, 48 rats were scanned, and the histopathological examinations were conducted on days 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure molecular diffusion (D), pseudodiffusion (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) values were measured using IVIM.

Results: On the 10th day of obstruction, both cortical and medullary ADC values differed significantly between the UUO10 group and the sham group (p < 0.01). The cortical D values showed statistically significant differences between UUO3 group and sham group (p < 0.01) but not among UUO groups at other time point. Additionally, the cortical and medullary f values were statistically significant between the UUO21 group and the sham group (p < 0.01). Especially, the cortical f values exhibited significant differences between the UUO21 group and the UUO groups with shorter obstruction time (at time point of 3, 7, 10, 14 day) (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Significant hemodynamic alterations were observed in the contralateral kidney following renal obstruction. IVIM accurately captures changes in the unobstructed kidney. Particularly, the cortical f value exhibits the highest potential for assessing contralateral renal modifications.

Keywords: IVIM; fMRI; kidney; pathophysiology.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging* / methods
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney Cortex / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney Cortex / pathology
  • Kidney Medulla / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney Medulla / pathology
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley*
  • Ureteral Obstruction* / diagnostic imaging
  • Ureteral Obstruction* / physiopathology