Fixed-Duration Pirtobrutinib plus Venetoclax with or without Rituximab in Relapsed/Refractory CLL: Phase 1b BRUIN Trial

Blood. 2024 Jun 11:blood.2024024510. doi: 10.1182/blood.2024024510. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Pirtobrutinib is a highly selective, non-covalent (reversible) Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi). Patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) were treated with fixed-duration pirtobrutinib plus venetoclax (PV) or pirtobrutinib plus venetoclax and rituximab (PVR) in this phase 1b trial (NCT03740529). Prior covalent BTKi therapy was allowed, but not prior venetoclax. Patients were assigned to receive PV (n=15) or PVR (n=10) for 25 cycles. Median age was 66 years (range, 39-78). Median prior lines of therapy was 2 (range, 1-4), and 17 (68%) patients had received prior covalent BTKi. At the data-cutoff date (May 5, 2023), median time on study was 27.0 months for PV and 23.3 months for PVR. Overall response rates were 93.3% (95% CI:68.1-99.8%) for PV and 100% (95% CI:69.2-100.0%) for PVR, with 10 complete responses (PV:7; PVR:3). After 12 cycles of treatment, 85.7% (95% CI:57.2-98.2%) of PV and 90.0% (95% CI:55.5-99.7%) of PVR patients achieved undetectable minimal residual disease assessed in peripheral blood by clonoSEQ® assay at a sensitivity of <1x10-4. Progression-free survival at 18 months was 92.9% (95% CI: 59.1-99.0) for PV patients and 80.0% (95% CI: 40.9-94.6) for PVR patients. No DLTs were observed in either treatment combination during the 5-week assessment period. The most common grade ≥3 adverse events for all patients included neutropenia (52%) and anemia (16%). Adverse events led to dose reduction in 3 patients and discontinuation in 2. In conclusion, fixed-duration PV or PVR was well tolerated and had promising efficacy in patients with R/R CLL, including patients previously treated with a covalent BTKi.