Lung sparing in MR-guided non-adaptive SBRT treatment of peripheral lung tumors

Biomed Phys Eng Express. 2024 Jun 20;10(4). doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/ad567d.


Objective.We aim to: (1) quantify the benefits of lung sparing using non-adaptive magnetic resonance guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (MRgSBRT) with advanced motion management for peripheral lung cancers compared to conventional x-ray guided SBRT (ConvSBRT); (2) establish a practical decision-making guidance metric to assist a clinician in selecting the appropriate treatment modality.Approach.Eleven patients with peripheral lung cancer who underwent breath-hold, gated MRgSBRT on an MR-guided linear accelerator (MR linac) were studied. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT)-based retrospective planning using an internal target volume (ITV) was performed to simulate ConvSBRT, which were evaluated against the original MRgSBRT plans. Metrics analyzed included planning target volume (PTV) coverage, various lung metrics and the generalized equivalent unform dose (gEUD). A dosimetric predictor for achievable lung metrics was derived to assist future patient triage across modalities.Main results.PTV coverage was high (median V100% > 98%) and comparable for both modalities. MRgSBRT had significantly lower lung doses as measured by V20 (median 3.2% versus 4.2%), mean lung dose (median 3.3 Gy versus 3.8 Gy) and gEUD. Breath-hold, gated MRgSBRT resulted in an average reduction of 47% in PTV volume and an average increase of 19% in lung volume. Strong correlation existed between lung metrics and the ratio of PTV to lung volumes (RPTV/Lungs) for both modalities, indicating that RPTV/Lungsmay serve as a good predictor for achievable lung metrics without the need for pre-planning. A threshold value of RPTV/Lungs< 0.035 is suggested to achieve V20 < 10% using ConvSBRT. MRgSBRT should otherwise be considered if the threshold cannot be met.Significance.The benefits of lung sparing using MRgSBRT were quantified for peripheral lung tumors; RPTV/Lungswas found to be an effective predictor for achievable lung metrics across modalities. RPTV/Lungscan assist a clinician in selecting the appropriate modality without the need for labor-intensive pre-planning, which has significant practical benefit for a busy clinic.

Keywords: MR linac; MRgSBRT; breath-hold; peripheral lung cancer; real-time gating.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Breath Holding
  • Female
  • Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography* / methods
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms* / radiotherapy
  • Lung* / diagnostic imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging* / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Sparing Treatments / methods
  • Organs at Risk
  • Radiosurgery* / methods
  • Radiotherapy Dosage*
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted* / methods
  • Radiotherapy, Image-Guided / methods
  • Retrospective Studies