FeSA‐Ir/Metallene Nanozymes Induce Sequential Ferroptosis‐Pyroptosis for Multi‐Immunogenic Responses Against Lung Metastasis

Small. 2024 Jun 14:e2401110. doi: 10.1002/smll.202401110. Online ahead of print.
[Article in Catalan]


For cancer metastasis inhibition, the combining of nanozymes with immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy remains the major challenge in controllable reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation for creating effective immunogenicity. Herein, new nanozymes with light-controlled ROS production in terms of quantity and variety are developed by conjugating supramolecular-wrapped Fe single atom on iridium metallene with lattice-strained nanoislands (FeSA-Ir@PF NSs). The Fenton-like catalysis of FeSA-Ir@PF NSs effectively produced •OH radicals in dark, which induced ferroptosis and apoptosis of cancer cells. While under second near-infrared (NIR-II) light irradiation, FeSA-Ir@PF NSs showed ultrahigh photothermal conversion efficiency (𝜂, 75.29%), cooperative robust •OH generation, photocatalytic O2 and 1O2 generation, and caused significant pyroptosis of cancer cells. The controllable ROS generation, sequential cancer cells ferroptosis and pyroptosis, led 99.1% primary tumor inhibition and multi-immunogenic responses in vivo. Most importantly, the inhibition of cancer lung metastasis is completely achieved by FeSA-Ir@PF NSs with immune checkpoint inhibitors, as demonstrated in different mice lung metastasis models, including circulating tumor cells (CTCs) model. This work provided new inspiration for developing nanozymes for cancer treatments and metastasis inhibition.

Keywords: Fe single atom/iridium metallene nanozyme; cancer lung metastasis inhibition; enhance immunogenicity; light‐controlled ROS production; light‐controlled ferroptosis/pyroptosis switching.

Publication types

  • English Abstract