Prevalence and relevant factors of nocturia and its impact on sleep quality in Chinese university students

Sci Rep. 2024 Jun 16;14(1):13883. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-60656-9.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and relevant factors of nocturia and its impact on sleep quality in university students in Mainland China. A large-scale survey was conducted on 14,000 university students from 3 universities in Henan province, China by using an anonymous questionnaire. The questionnaire collected the information from the past six months. The relationships between the prevalence of nocturia and its relevant factors were evaluated. A total of 13,874 questionnaires were collected and 13,104 qualified for statistical analysis. A total of 659 students suffered from clinically relevant nocturia (CRN) (4.56% in male and 5.34% in female). Both univariate analysis and the logistic stepwise regression model showed that the prevalence of nocturia was significantly related to female, history of enuresis, ease of waking up, urgency, frequency and RUTI (P < 0.05). The sleep quality and the university entrance score of CRN group was significantly lower than that of control group (P < 0.05). Nocturia was common in Chinese university students and showed a negative impact on sleep and academic performance. Gender of female, history of enuresis, ease of waking up, urgency, frequency and RUTI were relevant factors for CRN.

Keywords: Nocturia; Prevalence; Relevant factors; Sleep quality; University students.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • China / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nocturia* / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Sleep Quality*
  • Students*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities
  • Young Adult