How our food affects our hormones

Clin Biochem. 1985 Jun;18(3):149-53. doi: 10.1016/s0009-9120(85)80099-0.


Food can affect the production and secretion of hormones by direct actions on the gut, by nervous reflexes, through changes in the concentration of various metabolites in the blood, or secondary to changes in circulating gut hormone levels. Not only is the composition of the diet important but also its texture, quantity and duration. GIP and insulin are used as examples of hormones whose production and secretion are diet-dependent. Their possible involvement in the pathogenesis of obesity and non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes is discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology
  • Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
  • Food*
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide / metabolism
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones / metabolism
  • Hormones / analysis
  • Hormones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Obesity / physiopathology


  • Gastrointestinal Hormones
  • Hormones
  • Insulin
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide