Exercise testing, training and arm ergometry

Sports Med. 1985 Mar-Apr;2(2):100-19. doi: 10.2165/00007256-198502020-00003.


Standard exercise testing and training methods require leg work, but alternative methods involving arm work appear to be particularly applicable for selected subjects. An understanding of the physiology of upper extremity exercise and of the implications for arm exercise testing and training will assist in the diagnostic and functional evaluation and prescription of exercise. The cardiorespiratory and haemodynamic responses to submaximal and maximal arm and leg exercise are reviewed and practical information and guidelines for the recommendation of arm exercise testing and training in wheelchair-confined individuals, normal subjects, and patients with coronary heart disease are provided.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arm / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test* / instrumentation
  • Exercise Test* / methods
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / physiopathology
  • Heart Rate
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen / physiology
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Respiration
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / physiopathology


  • Oxygen