Metabolic responses to physical training in young insulin-dependent diabetics

Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1985 Apr;45(2):109-14. doi: 10.3109/00365518509160982.


Insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetics, aged 14-17 years, were studied according to two protocols. During a 6-month training period of moderate intensity (six participants) the aerobic work capacity and the erythrocyte insulin binding increased by 19% and 28%, respectively. Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1) was not significantly reduced. A 2-week intensive physical training program (10 participants) was associated with a 50% decrease of blood glucose values, which did not last beyond the training period. Plasma ketone bodies were markedly reduced. We conclude that young type 1 diabetics may participate in strenuous, short-term physical training. The improved aerobic work capacity and increased cellular insulin binding observed during training of moderate intensity is of potential benefit in the long-term management of the patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Respiration


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Insulin
  • Lipids