The mitochondrial DNA segments of two independently isolated rho- clones of S. cerevisiae carrying a genetic marker for a threonine tRNA have been characterized by restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA sequencing. The DNA sequences of the two segments have been used to deduce the primary and secondary structures of the tRNA. The threonine tRNA is unusual in having a leucine anticodon (3'-GAU-5'). Despite the anomalous anticodon, the tRNA is proposed to function in mitochondrial protein synthesis. One of the rho- clones contains an additional coding sequence that has been identified as a valine tRNA genes have been located on the wild-type physical map and determined to be transcribed from two different strands.