Trypanosoma cruzi cells undergo an alteration in protein N-glycosylation upon differentiation

J Biol Chem. 1985 Aug 25;260(18):10105-10.

Abstract

Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes (insect gut stage) incubated with [U-14C]glucose synthesized Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol as practically the sole dolichol-P-P derivative. On the other hand, amastigotes (intracellular stage) of the same parasite synthesized four to five times more Man7GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol than Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol. Evidence is presented indicating that, whereas in epimastigotes only Man9GlcNAc2 was transferred to proteins, in amastigotes both Man7GlcNAc2 and Man9GlcNAc2 were transferred in direct proportion to their respective amounts bound to dolichol-P-P. The change in the mechanism of protein N-glycosylation could be observed upon in vitro differentiation of amastigotes to epimastigotes. The dissimilar size of the main oligosaccharides transferred to proteins in epimastigotes and amastigotes was responsible for differences in two structural features of high mannose-type oligosaccharides present in mature glycoproteins of both forms of the parasite, namely the average size of the compounds and the structure of the main species of some isomer oligosaccharides.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Oligosaccharides / metabolism
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides / isolation & purification
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides / metabolism*
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Sugars / metabolism*
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / growth & development
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / metabolism*

Substances

  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Glycoproteins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Sugars
  • dolichyl diphosphate oligosaccharides
  • Glucose