Three strains of Legionella feeleii from patients with pneumonia (425-MI-H, 691-WI-H, and 693-WI-H) and one environmental strain (713-MI-E) received at the Centers for Disease Control for reference diagnostic testing were compared with the type strain WO-44C-C3 (ATCC 35072) by DNA hybridization, chemical analysis of cellular fatty acids and ubiquinones, biochemical tests, and serological characteristics. All four isolates were assigned to the L. feeleii species on the basis of DNA hybridization results. However, strains 691-WI-H and 693-WI-H were serologically distinct from strain WO-44C-C3, as shown by their minimal reactivity (1 to 2+) with a direct immunofluorescence conjugate prepared against L. feeleii serogroup 1 (strain WO-44C-C3). Therefore, strains 691-WI-H and 693-WI-H were placed in a new L. feeleii serogroup (serogroup 2). The reference strain of L. feeleii serogroup 2 is 691-WI-H (ATCC 35849).