Spatiotemporal Inseparability in Early Visual Processing

Biol Cybern. 1985;52(3):153-64. doi: 10.1007/BF00339944.


We examine the implications of significant inseparable behaviour in centre-surround retinal cell types. From the form of a spatiotemporal centre-surround (CS) model which agrees qualitatively with physiological observations, we find that the sustained/transient dichotomy is a poor distinction for X-type/Y-type retinal ganglion cells since both exhibit inseparability. Static centre-surround models and spatiotemporal separable models are not valid for time-varying stimuli. Our results contradict the models for X- and Y-type ganglion cells proposed by Marr and Hildreth (1980) and Marr and Ullman (1981), and raise doubts about the physiological validity of Marr's zero-crossing theory. The CS filter is an attractive precursor to the extraction of 2-d motion information.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Cybernetics
  • Ganglia / physiology
  • Models, Biological*
  • Motion Perception / physiology
  • Retina / physiology
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology*
  • Visual Cortex / physiology
  • Visual Perception / physiology