The impact of augmenter of liver regeneration in blunt liver trauma: An experimental model analysis

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2024 Jul;30(7):472-479. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2024.92575.

Abstract

Background: Traumatic liver injury is an acute event that triggers liver repair. The augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) has been identified as a growth factor involved in this process. This study evaluates the impact of ALR on isolated liver blunt trauma and examines its relationship with various time intervals.

Methods: Forty healthy female Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups (n=8 each). Isolated blunt liver trauma was induced using a custom-designed trauma platform in all groups except for Group 1. The groups were categorized by the timing of euthanasia post-trauma: 2nd (15 minutes), 3rd (30 minutes), 4th (45 minutes), and 5th (60 minutes). Assessments included plasma ALR levels, liver tissue ALR levels (both intact and lacerated), biochemical indices, and liver histological analysis.

Results: Plasma ALR levels in Group 4 were higher than in Groups 1 and 2 (p<0.01). Intact liver ALR levels in Groups 3 and 4 exceeded those in Group 1 (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). Intact liver tissue ALR levels in Group 5 were lower than in Groups 3 and 4 (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). Lacerated liver tissue ALR levels in Group 5 were higher than those in Groups 2 and 3. In Group 1, the plasma ALR level was higher than the intact liver tissue ALR level (p<0.05). In Group 2, plasma ALR levels exceeded those in intact liver tissue ALR levels (p<0.01). In Group 3, plasma ALR levels surpassed both lacerated and intact liver tissue ALR levels (p<0.05, p<0.001, respectively). In Group 4, the plasma ALR level was higher than the intact liver tissue ALR level (p<0.01), and the lacerated liver tissue level was higher than the intact liver ALR level (p<0.001). Additionally, inflammation scores were higher in Groups 3, 4, and 5 compared to Group 2 (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.01, respectively).

Conclusion: This study is the first to explore the role of ALR in isolated blunt liver trauma. Following blunt liver trauma, both plasma and liver tissue ALR levels change within minutes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Female
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / blood
  • Liver Regeneration* / physiology
  • Liver* / injuries
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating* / complications
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating* / pathology

Substances

  • GFER protein, rat
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors