B-cell hub genes play a cardiovascular pathogenic role of in childhood obesity and Kawasaki disease as revealed by transcriptomics-based analyses

Sci Rep. 2024 Jul 8;14(1):15671. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-65865-w.


The study aims to explore the central genes that Kawasaki disease (KD) and Obesity (OB) may jointly contribute to coronary artery disease. Investigating single-cell datasets (GSE168732 and GSE163830) from a comprehensive gene expression database, we identified characteristic immune cell subpopulations in KD and OB. B cells emerged as the common immune cell characteristic subgroup in both conditions. Subsequently, we analyzed RNA sequencing datasets (GSE18606 and GSE87493) to identify genes associated with B-cell subpopulations in KD and OB. Lastly, a genome-wide association study and Mendelian randomization were conducted to substantiate the causal impact of these core genes on myocardial infarction. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to validate the expression levels of hub genes in KD and OB. The overlapping characteristic genes of B cell clusters in both KD and OB yielded 70 shared characteristic genes. PPI analysis led to the discovery of eleven key genes that significantly contribute to the crosstalk. Employing receiver operating characteristic analysis, we evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of these core genes and scored them using Cytoscape software. The inverse variance weighting analysis suggested an association between TNFRSF17 and myocardial infarction risk, with an odds ratio of 0.9995 (95% CI = 0.9990-1.0000, p = 0.049). By employing a single-cell combined transcriptome data analysis, we successfully pinpointed central genes associated with both KD and OB. The implications of these findings extend to shedding light on the increased risk of coronary artery disease resulting from the co-occurrence of OB and KD.

Keywords: Inflammation; Kawasaki disease; Mendelian randomization; Obesity; Single-cell analysis.

MeSH terms

  • B-Lymphocytes* / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes* / metabolism
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronary Artery Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Artery Disease / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genome-Wide Association Study*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mendelian Randomization Analysis
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome* / genetics
  • Myocardial Infarction / genetics
  • Pediatric Obesity* / genetics
  • Single-Cell Analysis
  • Transcriptome*