An experimental study of the antileprosy activity of a series of thioamides in the mouse

Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 1985 Dec;53(4):587-94.


A series of substituted thioamides have been studied to establish whether their structure-activity pattern against Mycobacterium leprae is similar to that displayed against M. tuberculosis. Antileprosy activity was evaluated in the mouse foot pad using both the kinetic and continuous methods. Ethionamide and prothionamide were found to be the most active compounds and to be of approximately equal potency. Thioisonicotinamide was about five times less active. 2-t-Butyl-thioisonicotinamide, 2-dimethylamino-thioisonicotinamide, and pyrazine carbonic thioamide were inactive at the dosages tested. High-pressure liquid chromatographic methods were devised to study the potential influence of pharmacological factors on their in vivo activity. Fecal measurements suggested that all of the thioamides were well absorbed when fed in the diet. After intravenous administration, all of the thioamides were rapidly eliminated from the mouse. The differences in their elimination rates probably played only a minor role in affecting their relative antileprosy activities. It was concluded that the structural requirements for antileprosy and antituberculosis activity of the thioamides are probably similar.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amides / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Kinetics
  • Leprostatic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Leprosy / drug therapy
  • Mice
  • Mycobacterium leprae / drug effects*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Thioamides / metabolism
  • Thioamides / pharmacology*


  • Amides
  • Leprostatic Agents
  • Thioamides