Nasal bioavailability and systemic effects of the glucocorticoid budesonide in man

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1985;29(4):477-81. doi: 10.1007/BF00613465.


Budesonide, a topically potent glucocorticoid, was administered to 4 healthy volunteers by i.v. infusion and by nasal instillation of 100 micrograms tritium-labelled drug. Plasma was analyzed by liquid chromatography plus scintillation counting of collected fractions. After i.v. administration the plasma clearance was 0.921/min and the apparent volume of distribution was 2.81/kg. After nasal administration, the time to reach the peak plasma level was approximately 30 min, and the systemic availability was 102%. Budesonide had marginal effects on plasma cortisol and white blood cell counts either after i.v. or nasal administration. Thus, nasally instilled budesonide in solution is rapidly and completely absorbed from the nasal mucosa. The systemic effects after this clinically recommended nasal dose were negligible.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / metabolism*
  • Biological Availability
  • Budesonide
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood
  • Infusions, Parenteral
  • Kinetics
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasal Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Pregnenediones / administration & dosage
  • Pregnenediones / adverse effects
  • Pregnenediones / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Pregnenediones
  • Budesonide
  • Hydrocortisone