Rapid, large-scale isolation of Plasmodium berghei sporozoites from infected mosquitoes

J Parasitol. 1979 Jun;65(3):414-7.


The discontinuous gradient technique for recovery of malarial sporozoites from mosquitoes (Beaudoin et al., 1977) has been modified to speed up recovery and prevent sensitization of mice by components of the gradient which contaminate the sporozoites used as antigen. Mouse serum was substituted for BSA in the gradient because the latter produced hypersensitivity. Best results were obtained with gradients consisting of Medium 199, Renografin and mouse serum. Heavy and light solution of gradient components are layered in a centrifuge tube. Centrifugation of comminuted, infected mosquitoes applied to the top of the discontinuous gradient concentrates sporozoites at the interface. Sporozoites recovered from the gradient were infective, immunogenic, and relatively free of mosquito tissue. This improved method enables recovery of 100,000 sporozoites from each Anopheles stephensi infected with the ANKA strain of Plasmodium berghei. As many as 2,800 mosquitoes have been processed in 2 hr without a significant decrease in yield.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibody Formation
  • Culicidae / parasitology*
  • Plasmodium / immunology
  • Plasmodium berghei / isolation & purification*