Enzyme replacement with liposomes containing beta-galactosidase obtained from charonia lumpas was carried out in murine globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD). Charonia lumpas beta-galactosidase was able to hydrolyze galactocerebroside trapped into liposomes prepared from lecithin, cholesterol and sulfatide (molar ratio; 7:2:1). Liposomes containing charonia lumpas beta-galactosidase were successfully incorporated into the mouse tissues. 3H-galactocerebroside labeled liposomes were also incorporated into mouse liver, spleen and other tissues. The accumulation rate of 3H-galactocerebroside into twithcer mice liver and spleen was almost 40 to 100 times higher than those of controls and degraded to 70 to 80% of accumulated radioactivity of 3H-galactocerebroside by single injection of liposomes containing charonia lumpas beta-galactosidase. Results suggest that exogeneous enzyme trapped in liposomes can be useful for the correction of accumulated compound.