Substrain heterogeneity in prostaglandin E2 synthesis of human dermal fibroblasts. Differences in prostaglandin E2 synthetic capacity of substrains are not stimulus-restricted

Arthritis Rheum. 1985 Mar;28(3):315-22. doi: 10.1002/art.1780280312.


We examined prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) biosynthetic heterogeneity in fibroblast substrains and possible mechanisms that might mediate this heterogeneity. PGE2 synthesis of fibroblast substrains, in response to phytohemagglutinin-stimulated mononuclear cell supernates, ranged from 9.0 +/- 1.0 ng/ml to 79.3 +/- 7.4 ng/ml (mean +/- SD). The phenotypic behavior of individual substrains was stable. Substrains were also heterogeneous in PGE2 response to phorbol myristate acetate, and displayed stability in this phenotype as well. Substrains which were high responders to mononuclear cell supernate also ranked high in response to phorbol myristate acetate. Similar heterogeneity was observed in response to purified interleukin-1. Arachidonic acid added exogenously did not raise interleukin-1 responsiveness of low-producer substrains to that of high producers, suggesting that differences in PGE2 synthesis among substrains did not reflect differences in substrate availability or phospholipase activity. Supernates of high- and low-responder phenotype substrains, when added to cells of the reciprocal strain or to unrelated fibroblasts, did not affect the pattern of PGE2 synthesis. The concordance of substrain responsiveness to mononuclear cell supernate and phorbol myristate acetate suggests that heterogeneity among substrains in PGE2 synthesis is related to the ability to produce PGE2, rather than to the ability to respond to a given mediator. In addition, differences in PGE2 synthesis among substrains do not appear to result from release of regulatory autokines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Arachidonic Acids / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dinoprostone
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Monokines
  • Prostaglandins E / biosynthesis*
  • Proteins / pharmacology


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Interleukin-1
  • Monokines
  • Prostaglandins E
  • Proteins
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Dinoprostone