Nutritional management of inflammatory bowel disease

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1985 Apr;32(2):447-69. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)34797-6.


Malnutrition and growth failure are frequent complications of inflammatory bowel disease in childhood owing to inadequate dietary nutrient intakes, excessive intestinal losses, malabsorption, and increased nutrient requirements. Aggressive nutritional therapy is indicated for primary and supportive management of disease activity, drug nutrient interactives, individual nutrient abnormalities, and the overall complications of inflammatory bowel disease, malnutrition, and growth failure. The prevention of nutritional disorders in inflammatory bowel disease is accomplished by monitoring anthropometric and biochemical indices and by instituting appropriate enteral or parenteral nutritional therapy when indicated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Weight
  • Child
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / complications
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / etiology
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / physiopathology
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / therapy*
  • Crohn Disease / complications
  • Crohn Disease / etiology
  • Crohn Disease / physiopathology
  • Crohn Disease / therapy*
  • Female
  • Food, Formulated
  • Growth Disorders / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutrition Disorders / etiology
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Parenteral Nutrition*
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total