The effect of long-term inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis on the oxidation capacity of mitochondria for NADH-linked substrates

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1985 May 16;128(3):1190-5. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(85)91066-6.

Abstract

Experiments are presented showing that specific inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis by tetracyclines decreases the activity of the NADH-dehydrogenase complex in liver mitochondria, if rats are treated for long periods with these antibiotics. The corresponding inhibition of this complex in tumor cells (Zajdela hepatoma) and tumor mitochondria (Leydig cell tumor) is even more pronounced. It is concluded that the mitochondrial genetic system is involved in the assembly of the NADH-dehydrogenase complex, most likely by coding for one or more subunits. It is argued that this information, contrary to the situation for cytochrome c oxidase, the cytochrome bc1 complex and ATPsynthase, has been missed in previous experiments employing differential inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis, because of the circumstance that the inhibition did not reach the level at which it became rate-limiting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Leydig Cell Tumor / metabolism
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • NAD / metabolism*
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Oxytetracycline / pharmacology
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • Quinone Reductases / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

Substances

  • NAD
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • Quinone Reductases
  • Oxytetracycline