An adenovirus type 2 glycoprotein blocks cell surface expression of human histocompatibility class I antigens

Cell. 1985 Jul;41(3):987-97. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(85)80079-9.


The adenovirus type 2 encoded protein E3/19K binds to human histocompatibility class I antigens (HLA). This association occurs both in adenovirus-infected cells and in cells that have been transfected with the gene encoding the E3/19K protein. The formation of the HLA-E3/19K complex prevents the HLA antigens from being correctly processed by inhibiting their terminal glycosylation. This effect is specific for HLA antigens and does not generally involve the glycosyltransferases. Furthermore, the HLA-E3/19K association dramatically reduces the cell surface expression of the HLA antigens. This reduced level of antigens might influence the cytotoxic T cell response. Therefore, our results show a possible molecular mechanism whereby adenoviruses, and perhaps other viruses, delay or escape the cellular immune system of the host.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviruses, Human / physiology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / immunology*
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism
  • HLA Antigens / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Mannose / metabolism
  • Mannosyl-Glycoprotein Endo-beta-N-Acetylglucosaminidase
  • Molecular Weight
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Sialic Acids / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Viral Proteins / metabolism*


  • Glycoproteins
  • HLA Antigens
  • Sialic Acids
  • Viral Proteins
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • Mannosyl-Glycoprotein Endo-beta-N-Acetylglucosaminidase
  • Mannose