Barotolerant variant of Streptococcus faecalis with reduced sensitivity to glucose catabolite repression

Can J Microbiol. 1985 Jul;31(7):644-50. doi: 10.1139/m85-121.


Physiological characterization of the APR-11 variant of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 revealed that the variant has reduced sensitivity to glucose catabolite repression. This reduced sensitivity was indicated by the synthesis of enzymes for catabolism of lactose or arginine in cultures growing at 0.1, 40, or 70 MPa in media with levels of glucose highly repressive for the parent strain. Reduced catabolite repression appeared to be due to reduced activity of the glucose-specific, phosphotransferase system in APR-11 cells. Conversion of pyruvate to lactate or to acetate and ethanol did not appear to be altered in the variant. The APR-11 variant produced a greater final yield of biomass than the parent at all pressures tested, and its barotolerance was especially marked in media with low levels of glucose and high levels of lactose in which derepression of the lactose catabolic system was necessary for full growth. Overall, the greater barotolerance of the APR-11 strain appeared to be due to its enhanced capacity for catabolism related to its reduced sensitivity to catabolite repression by glucose.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / metabolism
  • Acetic Acid
  • Ammonia / metabolism
  • Arginine / metabolism
  • Atmospheric Pressure*
  • Enterococcus faecalis / genetics*
  • Enterococcus faecalis / growth & development
  • Enterococcus faecalis / metabolism
  • Enzyme Repression
  • Ethanol / metabolism
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases*
  • Lactose / metabolism*
  • beta-Galactosidase / metabolism


  • Acetates
  • Ethanol
  • Ammonia
  • Arginine
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • beta-Galactosidase
  • 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase
  • Glucose
  • Lactose
  • Acetic Acid