Lupus anticoagulants and thrombosis. A study of 25 cases and review of the literature

Haemostasis. 1985;15(4):254-62. doi: 10.1159/000215157.


25 patients with lupus anticoagulant (LA) and a history of thrombosis are described and the cases reported in the literature with this association are reviewed. From the combined data it is concluded that the prevalence of thrombosis in patients with LA is about 30%, the thrombosis sites are the leg veins in about 66%, the cerebral arteries in 25% and the peripheral arteries in 10% of the patients. High anticardiolipin levels are associated with a higher risk, while age of less than 10 years, low prothrombin activity and a platelet count of less than 50,000/microliter is associated with a lower risk of thrombosis. Heparin and oral anticoagulants are effective in the treatment and prevention of thrombosis without untoward risk of bleeding.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / etiology*
  • Blood Coagulation Factors / analysis
  • Blood Coagulation Factors / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Cardiolipins / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Count
  • Thrombosis / drug therapy
  • Thrombosis / etiology*


  • Blood Coagulation Factors
  • Cardiolipins
  • Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor