Stimulation of 1,2-diacylglycerol accumulation in hepatocytes by vasopressin, epinephrine, and angiotensin II

J Biol Chem. 1985 Nov 15;260(26):14201-7.

Abstract

1,2-Diacylglycerol (DAG) was measured in neutral lipid extracts from isolated hepatocytes using high pressure liquid chromatography followed by refractive index detection. Maximally effective doses of epinephrine, angiotensin II, and vasopressin increased DAG by approximately 65, 80, and 180-250%, respectively, with maximal increases being observed at 8-10 min. Depletion of cellular Ca2+ resulted in a 50% decrease in DAG accumulation elicited by vasopressin. Other agents which increased DAG levels were the tumor promoter 4 beta-phorbol 12 beta-myristate 13 alpha-acetate (120% increase at 10(-6) M), the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 (385% increase at 10(-5) M), and ATP (180% increase at 1 mM). The concentration dependence of DAG accumulation in response to epinephrine, angiotensin II, and vasopressin was similar to that found for myoinositol triphosphate accumulation (Charest, R., Prpic, V., Exton, J. H., and Blackmore, P.F. (1985) Biochem. J. 227, 79-90), which was approximately 5-10 times less sensitive to hormone than was phosphorylase activation. Fatty acid analysis revealed that hormonally induced DAG was partially derived from sources other than inositol phospholipids. It is proposed from these studies that Ca2+-mobilizing hormones elicit a prolonged increase in the levels of hepatocyte DAG, which may activate protein kinase C.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Calcimycin / pharmacology
  • Calcium / pharmacology
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Diglycerides / metabolism*
  • Egtazic Acid / pharmacology
  • Epinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Glucagon / pharmacology
  • Glycerides / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Vasopressins / pharmacology*

Substances

  • 1,2-diacylglycerol
  • Diglycerides
  • Fatty Acids
  • Glycerides
  • Vasopressins
  • Angiotensin II
  • Calcimycin
  • Egtazic Acid
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Glucagon
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Calcium
  • Epinephrine