In one eye each of four cynomolgus monkeys, an 8-mm penetrating injury was made through the equator; there was retinal perforation with vitreous loss. None of the four eyes with this injury developed posterior vitreous detachment or retinal detachment during a follow-up period of 8 months to 1 year. Another group of 26 monkeys had the same injury but also had 0.5 ml autologous whole blood injected into the vitreous at the time of injury. The eyes were examined weekly and enucleated at scheduled intervals from 1 day to 52 weeks post-injury. Posterior vitreous detachment occurred at the earliest at 2 weeks post-injury, and was ultimately present in 91% of the eyes. Vitreous detachment can occur either as a separation at the level of the internal limiting membrane or as a cleavage within the cortical vitreous. Retinal detachment occurred at the earliest at 8 weeks post-injury, and eventually was present in 50% of the eyes. The retinal detachment was tractional; no retinal breaks were detected in any of the eyes.